Friday, January 18, 2013

About Kazi Computer: We need a running bridge on middle on the road whe...

About Kazi Computer: We need a running bridge on middle on the road whe...: We need a running bridge on middle on the road where divider its work for footpath as like farmgate to newmarket where huge people up and do...

Learn for Earn

Sunday, April 10, 2011

about sabir ahmed chowdhury


Blogger Buzz: Dynamic Views, the Chrome Extension

Blogger Buzz: Dynamic Views, the Chrome Extension
Use all ground floor for car parking 
We need a running bridge on middle on the road where divider its work for footpath as like farmgate to newmarket where huge people up and down 
use the hydraulic power in piston to move the engine save money and energy  
We need a Center point to enter in the city that can release from hesitation in traffic Jam . if there many road come from different city at center  it will  helpful . An we can add more night service City Bus with minimum service that some people can use night service regular  

Saturday, April 9, 2011


wegj ¸n t
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W. wek¦bv_ miKvi t
Kwe mvwei g‡b K‡ib a‡g©i wk¶v n‡”Q mªóvi ¸‡Y ¸Yvwš^Z K‡i gvbyl‡K †kªô gvby‡l cwiYZ Kiv|
gnwmb ‡nvmvBb t
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gynv¤§`  Avmv` t
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gynv¤§` Avi‡k` Avjx t
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Z_¨ m~Î t
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Avgv‡`i mvwei fvB
  miKvi Aveyj Kvjvg




†ejve Dc‡Rjvi nuvwomv½vb GL‡bv ARcvov Muv| ‡m MÖv‡gi
mš—vb mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayix, Avgv‡`i mvwei fvB, GKRb cÖwZfvai e¨w³| †ckvq cÖ‡KŠkjx, e¨emvqx, †bkvq ms¯‹…wZ‡mex| Zuvi mvwnZ¨ mvabvq j¶ Kiv hvq eûgvwÎKZv| wZwb g~jZt Kwe I MxwZKvi| Zuv‡K GK K_vq ejv hvq gigx Kwe I MxwZKvi | GK gvÎv evwo‡q Zvu‡K bvMwiK evDj ev bMi evDj ej‡j I fyj nevi K_v bq | KviY wZwb Avevmb M‡o‡Qb ivRavbx XvKvq| Zuvi mvwnZ¨ mvabv Pj‡Q AZ¨vaywbK eûZj cÖvmv‡`i AvKvk †Quvqv cÖ‡Kv‡ô| ‡mLvb †_‡K I Zuvi Kjg †_‡K †ewi‡q Avm‡Q gvwUMÜv Mvb KweZv| Dcv`vb msMª‡ni Rb¨ Ny‡i †eov‡”Qb †`k †`kvš—‡i| Zuvi †PZbv GZUvB cÖmvwiZ †h †MvUv c„w_exUvB Zuvi Rb¥MÖvg nuvwomv½vb| Zuvi gbb gbxlvq †`k gnv‡`†ki mxgvbvi is wd‡K | G mZ¨ †ewi‡q G‡m‡Q Zuvi gbb †_‡K Kj‡gi wmuwo †e‡q-
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Zuvi wecix‡Z  AviY¨K  Rxeb‡K †kªq g‡b  K‡i‡Qb | ZvB wZwb  Av‡¶c K‡i  e‡j‡Qb Ñ
e‡bi cvwLiv g‡bi my‡L
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m¤ú~Y© cÖwZKzj cwi‡e‡k AMÖR gwdR DwÏb covïbvq †ZgbUv G¸‡Z cv‡ibwb| Z‡e Zvui †fZi I wQj cÖwZfvi Qvc| ‰kke †_‡KB Zvui Kwe cÖwZfvi ùziY j¶¨ Kiv wM‡q‡Q| cÖPÛ `vwi‡`ªi mv‡_ msMÖvg K‡i gwdR DwÏb mvwnZ¨ mvabvq wb‡qvwRZ wQ‡jb| Zvui wZb‡U Kve¨ MÖš’ e¨_vi cÖ`xc (1359)  Ges e‡bi evuwk (1375) cÖKvwkZ nq Ges †ev×v mgv‡R cÖkswmZ nq| e¨_vi cÖ`xc Kve¨ MÖš’ m¤ú‡K© e‡iY¨ mvwnwZ¨K I M‡elK Avï‡Zvl fUªvPvh© e‡jb- ÒmgMÖ Kve¨ Lvwb‡Z GKwU ALÛ ¶z`ª RM‡Zi m„wó  n‡q‡Q| Bnvi myi I cÖ_g n‡Z †kl ch©š— GKwU `xN© wbtk¦v‡mi my‡Î Mvu_v|Ó gwdR Dwχbi G myi †hb wPiš—Y myi hv Zvui Aby‡Ri gv‡S AbyiwYZ n‡q‡Q Ges n‡”Q|  Zvi cÖKvwkZ gvwUi ZvR myaxR‡bi `„wó AvKl©Y K‡i|
mvwei Avn‡g‡`i cÖ_g Kve¨ cÖKvwkZ nq 1984 m‡b| gvS Lv‡b e‡q wM‡q‡Q cÖvq lvU ermi| gnvKv‡ji Rb¨ ¶z`ª mgq n‡jI GK Rxe‡bi Rb¨ ‡ek eo GKUv mgq| ¯’~j †PZbvq ejv hvq †cªŠp ev evש‡K¨ G‡m mvwnwZ¨K M‡elK mvwe‡ii Rxe‡b †hŠeb G‡m‡Q| wZwb GLb 86 erm‡ii hyeK hvui †jLwb m„wó K‡i Pj‡Q Abycg mvwnZ¨, wPivqZ m½xZ| cÖkœ Avm‡Z cv‡i AשkZvãxi †ewk mgq Zvui e¨q n‡q‡Q cÖ¯‘wZ c‡e© †m cÖ¯‘wZ wQj wÎgyLx|
cÖ_‡g Kvq‡K¬‡k cÖvwZôvwbK wk¶v MÖnY Gi c‡i Kg© Rxeb I A_©‰bwZK gyw³i msMÖvg| Z…ZxqZt AvaywbK mvwnZ¨ Z_v wek¦ mvwn‡Z¨i A½‡b wePiY| me wgwj‡q GK m‡PZb `xN© †gqvw` Kg© cÖev‡ni †XD ïay evsjv‡`‡k bq †MvUv wek¦‡K bvov w`‡q‡Q| A_P Zvui mvg‡b Avm‡j, Zvui Awfe¨w³ †`L‡j g‡b nq wZwb G‡K ev‡iB GKRb wkï|
cwi‡k‡l ejv hvq 86 erm‡ii G wK‡kvi ev wkï Av‡iv `xN© w`b †n‡U hvK Avgv‡`i G my›`i c„w_ex‡Z| g‡b nq wK‡kvi Kwe myKvš— Ggb GK wkïi Rb¨B c„w_exi RÄvj miv‡bvi `„&ß kc_ wb‡qwQ‡jb| ZvB wbeÜwU wkï mvwei †PŠayixi K_v w`‡qB †kl KiwQ|
AvZ¥‡fvjv wkïi gZ
AvuKv †RvKvq Av‡Qv iZ
wPÎKjvi GB †h †Ljvq
ZzwgB wkíx Kwe|


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gigx Kv‡e¨i Rxeš— wKse`š—x t
mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayix
†Lv›`Kvi nvexeyi ingvb

m¨vi AvBR¨vK wbDU‡bi mgvwa‡Z mshy³ wkjvwjwc‡Z DrKxY© evYx‡Z ejv n‡q‡Q : “Mortals congratualte yourselves that so great a man has lived for the honor of the human race” (Ggb GKRb mygnvb e¨w³ †h gvbeZvi gh©v`v e„w×i Rb¨ †Zvgv‡`i g‡a¨ evm K‡i †M‡Qb, †n gbyl¨ m¤cÖ`vq, †m Rb¨ wb‡R‡`i‡K Awfbw›`Z K‡iv)|
BwZnv‡mi my`xN© hvÎv c‡_i euv‡K euv‡K `„wócvZ Ki‡j Ggb wKQy `yj©f e¨w³‡Ë¡i mÜvb cvIqv hvq, aivi aywj‡Z hv‡`i AvMgb gvbe mgvR‡K mg„× K‡i‡Q, DØy× K‡i‡Q Ges gvbweK wPš—v †PZbvq bZzb gvÎv †hvM K‡i‡Q| Zuviv AwbZ¨ GB c„w_exi Amvi wPš—vq gMœ, ¶z`ª ¯^v‡_©i ؇›` nvbvnvwb‡Z RwoZ gvbyl‡K ¯§iY Kwi‡q w`‡q‡Qb wbZ¨ †jv‡Ki we`¨ Avb‡›` øvZ k¦vkZ Rxe‡bi K_v| GB c„w_ex Zuv‡`i Kv‡Q Abš—Kvj Acwi‡kva¨ F‡Y FYx| Ggb me Abb¨ mvaviY e¨w³ †h gvbe mgv‡R G‡m‡Qb, gvby‡li e¯‘MZ I Ava¨vwZ¥K AMÖMwZi AwfhvÎvq †MŠi‡ev¾j Aa¨vq ms‡hvRb K‡i †M‡Qb, †m Rb¨ mwZ¨B gbyl¨ mgv‡Ri DwPZ wb‡R‡`i‡K Awfbw›`Z Kiv|
‡mŠfv‡M¨i welq evsjv fvlvfvwl Rb‡Mvwôi BwZnvmI ¶YRb¥v cyi“l‡`i c`wPý †_‡K ewÂZ bq| kªx ˆPZb¨ †`e, Ck¦i P›`ª we`¨vmvMi, wek¦ Kwe iex›`ªbv_ VvKzi, we‡`ªvnx Kwe KvRx bRiƒj Bmjvg, dwKi jvjb kvn, mvaK nvmb ivRv, e½eÜz †kL gywRei ingvb GB me gnvb e¨w³i ¯§„wZ wPi fv¯^i n‡q Av‡Q ev½vjxi BwZK_vq| GiB avivevwnKZvq mshy³ n‡q‡Q Avi GKwU D¾¡j bvg t gigx Kwe mvwei Avn‡g` ‡PŠayix|
gigx Kwe mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayix m¤ú‡K© Av‡jvPbv Ki‡Z wM‡q cÖ_‡g †h wecyj ¸i“Z¡ I Zvrch©c~Y© welqwUi Dci Av‡jvKcvZ Ki‡Z nq Zv n‡”Q B‡Zvg‡a¨ fvi‡Zi iex›`ª fviZx wek¦we`¨vjq Kwei Rxeb, MxwZgvbm I Rxeb`k©b‡K DcRxe¨ K‡i iwPZ Ôgigx Kwe mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayix : ˆPZb¨, jvjb, iex›`ª-giwg HwZn¨ msµgYÓ kxl©K Awfm›`‡f©i Rb¨ Wt †Lv›`Kvi wiqvRyj nK‡K wW-wjU wWMÖx cÖ`vb K‡i‡Qb| RxweZ †Kvb Kwei Kve¨ m¤ú‡K© M‡elYv K‡g©i Rb¨ wW-wjU& wWMÖx cÖ`vb ïay Gwkqv gnv‡`‡kB bq, mgMÖ we‡k¦i Kve¨ mvwn‡Z¨i BwZnv‡m weij NUbv| gigx Kv‡e¨ Mfxi gvbweK Av‡e`b wb‡q AbyiwYZ nq AwZ›`ªxqev`, Ava¨vZ¥ev` Ges Mysticism ev‡`i Mfxi †`¨vZbv F×fveaviv| GB fveavivi Rxeb c­vwe †mªvZ D‡ØwjZ n‡q D‡V‡Q gigx Kwe mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayixi Kv‡e¨ K_vq I iPbvq| G m¤ú‡K© Wt i‡gk P›`ª †PŠayixi Dw³ t Ômvwei Kve¨MÖ‡š’i g~j m~iB n‡”Q RMZ Rxe‡bi ¯^iƒc I Abš— wek¦eªvþ‡Ûi GK ALÛ mËvi we‡k­lYÕ|
evsjv‡`‡ki gigx Kwe mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayix mgKvjxb mg‡q RvZxq Ges Avš—R©vwZK ch©v‡q GK eûj Av‡jvwPZ e¨w³Z¡| G ch©š— wZwb `yÕnvRv‡iiI †ewk gigx Mvb gvbeZv‡K Dcnvi w`‡q‡Qb| Zuvi KweZv I MxwZgvjv eûfvlvq Abyw`Z n‡q wek¦e¨vcx gvbe †PZbvq GK bZzb Aven m„wó K‡i‡Q| Zuvi gigx Kve¨MÖ‡š’i msL¨v mvZ| Bs‡iRx evsjv wgwj‡q †gvU MÖ‡š’i msL¨v ev‡iv| D‡j­L¨, Zuvi gigx Kv‡e¨i msL¨v mvZ n‡jI Zuvi Kve¨ m¤ú‡K© †`k we‡`‡ki wewkó ¸YxRb bqwU MÖš’ iPbv K‡i‡Qb|
1984 mv‡j cÖKvwkZ ÔAvgvi g‡bi dzj`vwb‡ZÕ mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayixi cÖ_g Kve¨MÖš’| BkwZqvK Avn‡g` ‡PŠayix wQ‡jb cÖKvkK| G †_‡KB gigx Kve¨ avivq ïi“ nq Zuvi Aweivg c`PviYv| ch©vqµ‡g cÖKvwkZ nq ÔGB K_v ‡mB myiÕ ÔHkx †R¨vwZÕ, kZ nvg` kZ bvÕZ cÖf„wZ Kve¨MÖš’| fvlvi gvay‡h©, fv‡ei MfxiZvq Ges AmvaviY e¨wZµgagx©Zvq Zuvi iwPZ Kve¨ Kv‡jvËxY© Kv‡e¨i ch©v‡q †MŠie `xß ¯’vb K‡i wb‡q‡Q| Zuvi gigx Mvb e¨vcK RbwcÖqZv †c‡q‡Q Ges cÖPvwiZ n‡”Q evsjv‡`k  I fvi‡Zi †eZvi I †Uwjfk‡b|  mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayixi wKQy gigx KweZv wb‡q cÖKvwkZ `ywU Bs‡iRx MÖš’ The Celestial Light Ges Mystic Bard Gi Av‡e`b Ges wPiš—b m‡Z¨i mr D”PviY cv‡ðv‡Z¨i mywawPˇK Av‡›`vwjZ K‡i‡Q| wZwb hy³ivR¨ Ges cieZx©‡Z hy³iv‡óª gigx mvwn‡Z¨ Man of the year †NvwlZ nIqvi m¤§vb AR©b K‡i‡Qb| Lªxóvb RM‡Zi ag©¸i“ †cvc Rb cj, mv‡eK divmx †cÖwm‡W›U wg‡Ziuv cÖgyL wek¦ †bZ…e„›` The Celestial Light MÖš’wUi Rb¨ Zuv‡K Awf›`b Rvwb‡q‡Qb| hy³iv‡óªi 18wU wek¦we`¨vjq The Celestial †K Reference Book wn‡m‡e cvV¨ ZvwjKvfy³ K‡i‡Q| hy³iv‡óªi Library of Congress gigx Kwei KvQ †_‡K eBwU µq K‡i wb‡q‡Q| †`k we‡`k †_‡K eû m¤§vbbv AR©b K‡i‡Qb wZwb| G m¤§vb ïay mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayixi bq, GB m¤§vb Awbevh©fv‡e evsjv‡`‡ki Ges ev½vwj RvwZi| mgMÖ we‡k¦ wZwb evsjv‡`‡ki m¤§vb e„w× K‡i‡Qb|
mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayixi gigx Kv‡e¨ Zuvi Rxeb `k©b Ges mªóvi GK‡Z¡ myMfxi wek¦vm cÖwZaŸwbZ n‡q‡Q t
ÔAvj­vn e‡jv nwi e‡jv
‡hB hv e‡jv fvB
†h bv‡g †h WvKzK Zv‡i
‡m †h gv‡jK muvB|Õ
mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayixi Aš—©‡jvK wea„Z i‡q‡Q wek¦ gvbeZvi Mfxi e¨Äbvgq myi| c~e©m~ix gigx mvaK‡`i gZ wZwbI wek¦vm K‡ib †`k RvwZ eY© wbwe©‡k‡l me gvbylB GK| we‡f‡`i cÖvPxi w`‡q Zv‡`i wef³ Kiv hvq bv| †Kvb K…wÎg mxgvq gvbeZv mxwgZ bq GB Dcjwä †_‡K G‡m‡Q Zuvi gnr D”PviY t
AvKvk Avgvi N‡ii QvDwb
c„w_ex Avgvi Ni|
mviv `ywbqvi mKj gvbyl
‡KD bq †gvi ci|Õ
gigxZvcm mvwei GB gvbeZve` I Ava¨vZ¥ev‡`i Dcjwä cÖKv‡ki †¶‡Î kªx ˆPZb¨‡`e, dwKi jvjb kvn Ges Kwe¸i“ iex›`ªbv‡_i DËim~ix| AvZ¥wRÁvmv Zuv‡K ZvwoZ K‡i‡Q, m„wói inm¨ Zuv‡K Av‡jvwoZ K‡i‡Q Ges mªóvi B”Qvi Kv‡Q mgwc©Z K‡i‡Q| KviY wZwb Dcjwä K‡i‡Qb wek¦ eªþv‡Ûi mKj m„wóB gnvb mªóvi †Ljvi cyZzj gvÎ| Zuvi B”Qv‡ZB me wKQy nq| Zuvi B”Qvi evB‡i †Kvb wKQy N‡U bv t-
ÔAvgvi w`‡q hvnvB KivI
ZvB‡Zv Kwi Avwg,
‡Zvgvi nv‡Zi cyZzj Avwg
ZzwgB Aš—ihvwg|Õ
mªóvi Kv‡Q Amnvq AvZ¥mgc‡Y©i GB myiB Avgiv ïb‡Z cvB gigx mvaK mvwe‡ii Ab¨Zg c~e©m~ix Kwe¸i“ iex›`ªbv‡_i K_vq t
ÔwK ewj‡Z PvB, me fy‡j hvB
Zzwg hv ejvI Avwg ewj ZvB|Õ
GB ÔZzwgÕi Awaôvb †Kv_vq? ¯^M©, gZ©, cvZvj, ïb¨ gnvïb¨ †Kv_vq †M‡j cvIqv hv‡e Zvi mÜvb? GB cÖ‡kœi †cÖw¶‡Z Zvcm mvwe‡ii Dcjwä GK Hk¦wiK Av‡jv‡K D™¢vwmZ| GB Av‡jvK Zuv‡K c_ wb‡`©k †`q t
Aš—i w`‡q Aš—i †`k
Lyu‡R †`L gbvfvB,
g‡bi N‡iB K‡ib weivR
gnvb gvwjK muvB|Õ
‰PZb¨ jvjb I iex›`ªbv‡_i AvZ¥wRÁvmv Kwe mvwe‡ii Aš—i‡jv‡KI †`vjv w`‡q‡Q| MÖxK `vk©wbK m‡µwU‡mi wPi ¯§iYxq D³ ‘Know Thyself’ Gi g‡Zv ïay wb‡R‡K †PbvB bq, Zuvi wPš—v Av‡iv `~‡i cÖmvwiZ| wZwb Dcjwä K‡i‡Qb wb‡R‡K wPb‡jB cvIqv hvq †mB Aiƒc iZb‡K, iƒ‡c iƒ‡c hvi iwkœi `y¨wZ weivwRZ| hv‡K cvIqvi Rb¨B gvby‡li GKvš— AvKzwZ|
GB Dcjwäi Av‡jv‡KB gigx mvwe‡ii AvZ¥wRÁvmv D”PvwiZ n‡q‡Q Gfv‡e t
Ôwb‡Ri mv‡_B †bB cwiPq
AvMg wbMg wK K‡i nq
wb‡R‡i ZzB wPb‡j cvwe
Aiƒc iZb N‡i|Õ
AvZ¥wRÁvmvi GB †`vjvP‡j mvwei Avn‡g‡`i Rxeb `k©‡b m„wó n‡q‡Q GK Awbe©Pbxq Abyf~wZ t
ÔGKwU eviI GKwU K_v
†KD wK mvwei fv‡e‡i|
wQ‡j †Kv_vq, Avm‡j †Kv_vq
Avevi †Kv_vq hv‡e‡iÕ|


DÏy© Kwei GKwU MR‡ji K‡qKwU PiY GB cÖm‡½ ¯§iY‡hvM¨ t
ÔAvwRe `v¯—uv n¨vq B‡q
Kvnv ïi“ Kvnv LZg
B‡q gwćj n¨vq †Kvbwm
bv mvg‡S Zzg, bv mvg‡S nvgÕ
(Rxeb GK Avðh©¨ Mí Gi †Kv_vq ïi“, †Kv_vq †kl Avi Mš—e¨Bev †Kv_vq Zv ZzwgI †evSbv AvwgI eywS bv)|
wb‡R‡K †Pbvi AvKzj A‡š^lvq Rxeb e¨vwc Zuvi c_ Pjv| G c‡_i weivgnxb AwfhvÎx wZwb t-
Ôwb‡R‡i ZzB wPbwj bv gb
wK K‡i Avi wPbwe Zuv‡i
‡Zvi N‡i †m emZ K‡i
mviv Rbg LyRwj huv‡i|Ó
Dc‡ii GB Dw³i g‡a¨ mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayix gigx wPš—vavivq AwZ›`ªxq fv‡ei ms‡hvRb K‡i‡Qb| gvby‡li AvZ¥v‡Zv cigvZ¥viB GKwU Ask Ges †m cigvZ¥vi Ae¯’vb ZviB Aš—‡i| ¯^vgx we‡eKvb›` GB Abyf~wZi cÖwZaŸwb K‡i e‡j‡Qb t AvZ¥v cigvZ¥viB Ask|
¶Y¯’vqx GB Rxeb, AwbZ¨ GB RMZmsmv‡ii jxjv †Ljv gigx mvwei‡K w`‡q‡Q GK Abb¨ Aš—i`„wó| wZwb †`‡L‡Qb GB wek¦ f~e‡b wKQyB ¯’vqx bq| GLb hv Av‡Q GKUz c‡iB Zv _vKvi †Kvb wbðqZv †bB| Zey †Kb GB Amvi Me©, ¯^v‡_©i nvbv nvwb Avi kw³i `¤¢? wZwb mªóvi nv‡Zi Amnvq cyZzj gvbyl‡K ¯§iY Kwi‡q w`‡q‡Qb t
ÔKZ gnvexi, ivRv gnvivRv
G‡mwQj GBf‡e,
hv‡`i `vc‡U KuvwcZ wek¦
†Kv_v AvR Zviv m‡e?Õ
¶wYK GB Rxeb RM‡Zi †Kvjvnj‡K †cwi‡q mvaK mvwe‡ii wgj‡bi AvKvsLv cig mËvi mv‡_| GB wPiš—b gigx †PZbvi gnËg cÖKvk †mB mZ¡vi Kv‡Q wb‡R‡K wbt†kl mgc‡Y©i ga¨ w`‡qt-
Ô†Zvgvi nv‡ZB KiwQ `qvj
mKj mgc©Y
`qv K‡i `qvj Avgvq
K‡iv DËiY|Õ
wek¦cÖfyi Kv‡Q gigx Kwei GB kZ©nxb AvZ¥mgc©Y Avgv‡`i‡K ¯§iY Kwi‡q †`q gnvb Kwe gxR©v Mvwj‡ei MR‡ji K‡qKwU PiY, wZwb mªóvi D‡Ï‡k¨ mKj gbcÖvY †X‡j w`‡Z e‡j‡Qb| mKj mgwc©Z GK fv‡ei Av‡jv‡K Av‡jvwKZ gxR©v Mvwje e‡j‡Qb t
Ôïay Kcv‡j wmR`vi `vM n‡j Pj‡e bvÕ Ggb AvKzj n‡q `ywbqvi me wKQy fy‡j wmR`v Ki‡Z n‡e hv‡Z Avj­vni Rwg‡Z Zvi wPý _v‡K t-
Ô`vM G myRy`
†Z‡i Rvwe cvi n¨vq †Zv †Kqv ûqv|
Gqmv wmR`v K¨i
†K Rwgb ci wbkvb i¨v‡n|Õ
(bvgv‡Ri wPý Av‡Q Kcv‡j †Zvgvi n‡q‡Q wK Zv‡Z, K‡iv Zzwg Ggb wmR`v wPý hv‡Z iq Avj­vni GB Rwg‡b‡Z)|

Avj­vn‡Z AvZ¥mgc©YKvix gigx mvaK Kwe mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayix| Zuvi Rxeb I Kve¨ `k©‡bi g~‡j Avi GKwU mvwe©K †PZbv D¾¡j b¶‡Îi `xw߇Z `xc¨gvb Zv n‡”Q gnvb gvwjK muvB ev Avj­vni GK‡Z¡ AwePj wek¦vm t-
ÔAvj­vn Qvov gvey` †bB Avi
†gvnv¤§` Zuvi †kl imyj
wVK †i‡Lv fvB Cgvb mevi
†ZŠwn‡`i GB‡Zv g~j|Õ

Avj­vnB gnvb gvwjK muvB| GB `k©bB Zuvi g‡a¨ wbiš—i wµqvkxj| GB cÖ‡kœ PÛx`v‡mi mv‡_Ñ wZwb GKgZ bv Ômevi Dc‡i gvbyl mZ¨Õ Zvi Dc‡i bvBÑ K_vwU wVK bq| gvbyl‡K, GB wek¦ wbwLj‡K whwb m„wó K‡i‡Qb wZwbB mevi Dc‡i mZ¨| gvbyl Zuvi m„wói †kªô| gvbyl Zuvi cÖwZwbwa t-
                   Ôm„wói †miv †kªô gvbyl
                               mªóvi cÖwZwbwa
                   gvby‡li nv‡Z iƒc †b‡e Zuvi
                               ïf Kj¨vYwewa|Õ
Ab¨Î t- Ômevi Dc‡i †kªô Zzwg/ Revew`wn Kivi bqÕ
Kwe-`vk©wbK mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayix gvby‡li Kj¨v‡Y mgv‡Ri Kj¨v‡YI ¯§iYxq Ae`vb †i‡L‡Qb| XvKv gnvbMixi cÖL¨vZ †g‡ni“wbœmv D”P we`¨vjq I K‡jR, avbgwÛ e‡qR nvB¯‹z‡ji cÖwZôvZv wZwb| nvweeyj­vn evnvi K‡jR, Avey Ri wMdvix K‡jR cªf„wZ wk¶v cÖwZôvb M‡o †Zvjvq Zuvi we‡kl f~wgKv i‡q‡Q| Zuvi GjvKv biwms`x †Rjvq Zuvi mnvqZvq M‡o D‡V‡Q eû wk¶v cÖwZôvb| †ebv‡cvj mxgv‡š—i gmwR`, h‡kvi K¨v›Ub‡g›U BDwbU gmwR` I M¨vwimb gmwR` mn eû gmwR` cÖwZôvq i‡q‡Q Zuvi D¾¡j ¯^v¶i| mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayixi bv‡g e„wË cÖeZ©b Kiv n‡q‡Q `wi`ª/†gavex QvÎQvÎx‡`i mnvqZvi Rb¨| XvKvq wZwb GKwU nvmcvZvj cwiPvjbv Ki‡Qb| G eQ‡iB GKwU ‡gwWK¨vj K‡jR cÖwZôvi cÖ¯‘wZI cÖvq m¤ú~Y©|
mvwei Avn‡g` ‡PŠayixi Kg©Kv‡Ûi e¨vwß GLv‡bB †kl bq| mvsevw`KZv Ges mvwnZ¨ ms¯‹…wZi cÖPvi I Dbœq‡bI Zuvi Ae`vb D‡j­L‡hvM¨| wZwb Aaybvjyß ˆ`wbK B‡Ënv`-Gi g¨v‡bwRs wW‡i±i wQ‡jb Ges mvwnZ¨ cwÎKv ÔRjwmwoÕ m¤úv`bv K‡i‡Qb| eû †jLK‡K MÖš’ cÖKv‡k mnvqZv w`‡q‡Qb| mvs¯‹…wZK Kg©Kv‡ÛI Drmvn hywM‡q‡Qb bvbvfv‡e|
mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayixi Rxeb `k©‡bi eû gvwÎKZv Zuvi GK we¯§qKi ˆewkó¨| GKw`‡K †hgb gigx fv‡ei D”QwmZ aviv Zuvi g‡bi Mfx‡i GK Awbe©Pbxq Av‡jvob m„wó K‡i †Zgwb Ab¨ w`‡K Rxeb RMZ I cvwicvwk¦©K cwi‡ekI Zuv‡K Av‡jvwoZ K‡i| evsjv‡`‡ki ¯^vaxbZvi gnvb bvq‡Ki D‡Ï‡k¨ Zuvi kª×vÄjx‡Z ev½vjxi Aš—‡ii K_vB cÖwZaŸwbZ n‡q‡Q t
ÔRvwZi RbK e½eÜz
GKwU gnvb Agi bvg
kZ©e‡l©i †miv ev½vjx
‡KvwU RbZvi jI QvjvgÕ
GKvËz‡ii gyw³‡hv×v‡`i †MŠie`xß f~wgKvq wZwb wb‡RI †MŠievwš^Z| gyw³‡hv×v‡`i D‡Ï‡k¨ Zuvi Mwe©Z D”PviY Ñ
Ô‡Zvgv‡`i K_v wbwLj we‡k¦
‡kŠh©¨ Mwigvgq
¯^Y© †iLvq cÖ`xß n‡q
i‡e wPi A¶qÕ
Dcmsnv‡i GK_v wbwðZfv‡e ejv hvq, bw›`Z KxwZ©i cy¯ú w`‡q GKRxe‡b wZwb †h wekvj †mŠ›`‡h©¨i Wvwj mvwR‡q‡Qb Zvi †mŠif eû cªR‡b¥i Rxeb‡K myiwfZ Ki‡e| gigx Kwe-`vk©wbK mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayix eq‡m cuvP Avwk †cwi‡q †M‡Qb| GLbB mgq Zuv‡K Zuvi wekvj I eûgyLx Ae`v‡bi Rb¨ RvZxq I ivóªxqfv‡e m¤§vb I ¯^xK…wZ †`qvi|


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†jLK t Bmjvgx wPš—vwe`, Kwe M‡elK|




Kwe mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayixi fvebv
Mvb I KweZvq
iIkb AvL&Zvi



GB wek¦ RMZ-†mŠiwek¦, Zver m„wó Ry‡o Av‡Q GK Avb›` Av‡jvKgvjv Ges A`„k¨ b›`b mgy`ª  Ñ hvi Zi½v‡jv‡K mewKQy Kw¤úZ, ¯úw›`Z, Av‡jvwKZ Ges g~Z©-weg~Z©| GKwU mywbw`©ó wbqgZvwš¿KZvi †kK‡j mewKQy AbyiwYZ Ges m¤cÖmvwiZ n‡”Q wbiš—i| GB wbqgZvwš¿KZvi ¯^”Q›` my‡ijv avivevwnKZvq †Kvb ü`q wecyjfv‡e m‡¤§vwnZ nq, wegy» Zb¥qZvq ü`qe„wË †R‡M I‡V, cÖwZwU mËv †M‡q I‡V ARvbv aŸwb Ges myi‡K  m½x K‡i, cvLv we¯—vi K‡i D‡o †h‡Z Pvq ARvbv †mŠ›`‡h©|
e„¶cÎ-cy®úgq c„w_exi DRvo Kiv †mŠ›`h© Qwo‡q c‡o Pviw`K| †Kvb ü`q GB g‡bvgy»Ki myMÜgq cy‡®úi wfZi AmsL¨ cy‡®úi gvZvgvwZ A_ev ZvwË¡K welqvejx wKsev gnvb †Kvb wkíxi g~wZ©gvb Dcw¯’wZ †Ui cvb| GB ¸wUKZK ms‡e`bkxj ü`q weKwkZ †mŠ›`h© Ges Av‡jvwKZ gwngv Zz‡j a‡i‡Qb Ges Zv Qwo‡q w`‡”Qb cÖv‡Y cÖv‡Y|
BU  Kv‡Vi †`qvj †f` K‡i †h †PvL gyn~‡Z© †cuŠ‡Q hvq †`qv‡ji Icv‡i weivU bv›`wbK we‡k¦, †h `„wó P‡j hvq evjyKYvi †K‡›`ª evZv‡m A_ev †f‡m †eovby e„wói AYy cigvYyi gv‡S; †m-B fveyK, mvaK Ges Kwe|
Zver  e¯‘KYv Ab¨ GK KYvi mv‡_ wgwjZ nevi AvKv•¶vq e¨vKzj Ges DrKwÉZ| GB †h e܇bi Av‡e`b, GB †h wbqgZvwš¿KZvi AbycÖvm Ñ Zv †h ü`q `k©b K‡i †m `vk©wbK, fveyK Ges Kwe|
fveyK Ges Kwei `k©‡b Av‡Q ˆewPΨ, Av‡Q ch©‡e¶‡Yi e¨vKzjZv, Av‡Q mZ¨ my›`i‡K Avwe®‹vi Kivi Zxeª †e`bv| †m †`Lv bv †`Lv GK my›`i RM‡Zi mÜvb, Aw¼Z K‡i inm¨gq RM‡Zi Kvi“Kvh© Kiv  Qwe| †m GKRb `ªóv Ges mªóv| †m Avwe®‹vi K‡i Ômxgvi gv‡S Amxg Zzwg evRvI Avcb  myiÕ wKsev Ôevwoi Kv‡Q Aviwk bMi †m_vq GK cowk emZ K‡i Ñ Avwg GK w`bI bv †`wLjvg Zv‡iÕ| Gme M~pZË¡ †_‡K gvbyl †ei K‡i †K †mB †h Avcb my‡i  euvwk evRv‡”Q wb‡Ri †fZi, †K †mB cowk †h AwZ wbK‡U| mË¡vi wbR¯^Zv, ¯^KxqZv eY©bvq hLb †Kvb ü`q cvi½g nq ZLbB †m nq Kwe|
mg¯— Roe¯‘ I Rx‡ei g~‡j  i‡q‡Q bv †`Lv GK kw³ RMZ hv weÁvbxiv wek¦vm K‡ib, hv `vk©wb‡Kiv Abyfe K‡ib, weÁR‡biv †g‡b †bb Ñ †mB mªóvi Amxg kw³i myi e¨Äbv Ges wbqgZvwš¿KZvi AbycÖvm n‡jv KweZv| †h †PvL Gme †`‡L GB Awebvkx civkw³  gnvm‡Z¨i D`NvUb K‡i †mB cÖK…Z Kwe|
Kwe mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayix †mB cÖK…Z Kwe‡`i GKRb| Zuvi ü`‡qi g‡a¨ †R‡M Av‡Q AmsL¨ †PvL| wZwb Zxeª Av‡jvK m¤úv‡Z mewKQy †`‡L †bb, †P‡L †bb, †g‡L †bb P¶z wRnŸv Z¡‡K Ñ me©kix‡i gbb †gavq| wZwb Dcjwä K‡ib m„wói wbM~o ZË¡, ïb‡Z cvb  gnvk~‡b¨i kãaŸwb :
AvRe †m GK gUiMvwo
evbv‡q‡Q muvB
AócÖni Mo Mov Mo
AvIqvR ïb‡Z cvB \
(GB K_v †mB myi, c„ôv 15)
AcÖKvwkZ †Mvcb my›`‡i †gvnvweó nq Kwei ü`q| cÖwZwbqZ cÖKvk Kivi †e`bvq Kwe nb †e`bvZ©| cÖme K‡ib Av‡jvK my›`i| Kwe mvwe‡ii †jLvq ZviB cÖKvk :
iƒc Aiƒ‡ci ïayB †Ljv
†`LwQ RMZ Ry‡o
ZuviB euvwk me‡K wN‡i
evR‡Q gayi my‡i|
(GB K_v †mB myi, c„ôv 19)
Aš—t¯’‡j wbNyg Vvq e‡m Av‡Q †h wkíx, †h ¶‡Y ¶‡Y iƒc cvëvq, †ek cvëvq †Kej mZ¨ my›`i‡K ¯úk© Kivi AvKv•¶vq| GgbB mZ¨ Kwe  mvwe‡ii †jLvq weKwkZ :
AvRe †m GK LuvPvi wfZi
evm K‡i GK †Kvb †m cvwL
GKzk nvRvi  QqkZ  evi
†mB cvwLwU DV‡Q WvwK|
(GB K_v †mB myi, c„ôv 159)
AvZ¥ †MŠivevwš^Z gvbyl¸‡jvi AvZ¥Dcjwäi meK w`‡Z wM‡q Kwe Kjg a‡i‡Qb :
Avgiv hLb mevB mvay
†K Z‡e †Pvi †eUv
wb‡R‡i ZvB Zwj‡q †`‡Lv
wgU‡e mKj †jUv|
(GB †`k GB gvwU, c„ôv 57)
Kwe mvwei †hgb m„wó ZË¡ wb‡q Mfx‡i Zwj‡q hvb †Zgwb m„ó gvby‡li ˆelg¨I Zv‡K Av‡jvwoZ K‡i, Av‡eMvwqZ K‡i :
Avgiv †`‡ki kªwgK Pvlx
dmj djvB †Mvjv fwi
mevi gy‡Li Avnvi †RvMvB
wb‡RB †Kej ¶zavq gwi|
(GB †`k GB gvwU, c„ôv 100)
gvby‡l gvby‡l nvbvnvwb, `ye©‡ji Dci me‡ji wbj©¾ AvµgY Ñ GB AbvKvw•¶Z, AevwÃZ Ae¯’v †_‡K cwiÎvY Pvb Kwe| i“‡L `uvwo‡q‡Qb wZwb †jLbx‡Z| mv‡_ wb‡Z Pvb Avi mKj‡K Ñ
†h †hLv‡b Av‡Qv mevq
i“‡L `uvovI fvB
G‡`k †_‡K mš¿vmx‡`i
we`vq Kiv PvB|
(GB †`k GB gvwU, c„ôv 83)
wf¶ve„wË Ges cigyLv‡cw¶Zvi wec‡¶ Kwe gb †mv”Pvi| wbR Z_v †`‡ki Ges  mgv‡Ri DbœwZi Rb¨ ¯^c‡` `uvwo‡q msMÖvg Kivi cÖ‡qvRbxqZv Dcjwä K‡ib Kwe| gvbyl‡`i  mZ¨  Ges Aek¨cvjbxq KZ©e¨‡K wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨ g~Z© Kivi AvKv•¶v Kwei :
c‡ii Kv‡Q nvZ †c‡Z Avi
_vK‡e K‡ZvKvj
wb‡RB Gevi a‡iv †Zvgvi
wb‡Ri bv‡qi nvj|
(GB †`k GB gvwU, c„ôv 95)
we‡k¦i Aew¯’wZ, cÖK…wZi †mŠ›`‡h©i Awebvkx my›`igqZv cÖK…wZi fuv‡R fuv‡R ˆewPΨgqZvi AevK Kiv Av‡eM ü`‡q RvwM‡q †Zv‡j †Kvb GKK mËvi Aw¯—Z¡| GB Aw¯—Z¡‡K †Kn  fMevb, †Kn MW, †KDev Avj­vn e‡j AwfwnZ K‡i _v‡K| Kwe mvwei gymjgvb, ZvB Zvi g‡a¨ Avj­vni Aw¯—Z¡ eZ©gvb| Avj­vni wb‡`©kvejxi AbyKi‡Y Zvi ü`q gb avweZ| BmjvwgK Av`‡k©i gv‡S wZwb Luy‡R †c‡q‡Qb Rxe‡bi wPivqZ engvbZvi wbM~p ZË¡| †c‡q‡Qb cvi‡jŠwKK GK  RM‡Zi mÜvb hv Rb¥-g„Zz¨i Ave‡Z© `„k¨gvb|
GKwU eviI GKwU K_v
†KD wK mvwei fv‡e‡i
wQ‡j †Kv_vq, Avm‡j †Kv_vq,
Avevi †Kv_vq hvwe‡i|
(GB K_v GB myi, c„ôv 96)
A_ev :
Avmvi hLb mgq n‡e
wVK mg‡qB Avm‡Z n‡e
Avevi hLb WvK co‡e
Nwoi KuvUvq wdi‡Z n‡e|
(GB K_v †mB  myi, c„ôv 54)
Bmjv‡gi `k©b, bxwZ, Rxeb c×wZi cÖevngvbZvi  eY©bvi Øviv wZwb gvby‡li g‡a¨ mwZ¨Kvi Ávb‡K cÖwe× Ki‡Z †P‡q‡Qb| Ges Gi gva¨‡gB wZwb kvwš—i c_ wb‡`©k Kivi cÖqvm †c‡q‡Qb|
e‡bi cï‡K bq ïay AvR
g‡bi cï‡K G‡mv Kwi †Kvievbx
mªóv I Zuvi m„wói †cÖ‡g
mvRvI †h hvi ü`‡qi dzj`vbx|
(Bmjvgx Dcj‡¶i Mvb, c„ôv 84)
†h wb‡R‡K †P‡b †m mªóv‡K †P‡b, Rv‡b Zuvi wek¦ cÖK…wZ, K‡i †mŠ›`h©v‡jv‡K  mš—iY| wbR‡K Rvbvi ci †m Rvb‡Z ïi“ K‡i cv‡ki gvbyl‡K, Gici Rvbvi cwiwa e¨ß nq  mgMÖ gvbyl Aewa| m„wó‡K GK K‡i †`Lvi `„wói †eva †m AR©b K‡i|
†ZgbB †eva †_‡K Kwe mvwei wj‡L‡Qb:
Avj­v e‡jv nwi e‡jv
†hB hv e‡jv fvB
†h bv‡g †h WvKzK Zuv‡i
†m †h gvwjK muvB|
(Hkx †R¨vwZ, c„ôv 16)
gvby‡li wfbœZi wek¦v‡mi †K›`ªwe›`y‡Z wM‡q wZwb †`L‡Z cvb mK‡jB GKB c‡_ wgwjZ n‡q‡Q, ïay AvMg‡bi c_ wfbœ| G  mZ¨‡K Dcjwä K‡i wZwb Zv mK‡ji gv‡S cÖwe× Ki‡Z †P‡q‡Qb:
Ze b`xi wfbœ Nv‡Ui
Avgiv mevB cw_K c‡_i
GKB b`xi Drm avivq
†mªv‡Zi weivg bvB|

†e` †Kvivb Avi evB‡e‡ji
MÖš’ mv‡ne wÎwcU‡Ki
mevi gv‡S GKB Av‡jvi
wgj †h Lyu‡R cvB|
(Hkx †R¨vwZ, c„ôv 16)
Rxe‡bi Awbevh© mZ¨ n‡”Q, mKj RxweZ‡K g„Zz¨i ¯^v` †c‡Z n‡e| Z‡e gbyl¨RM‡Z Avi GKwU †gvngq åg n‡”Q GB  mZ¨wU fy‡j hvIqv| Z‡e hviv  fveyK, giwg, mZ¨‡K `„pfv‡e aviY Kivi `„pZv i‡q‡Q, ZvivB me©‡¶‡Î G gnvmZ¨‡K jvjb K‡ib wbR Aw¯—‡Z¡i mv‡_| G gnvm‡Z¨i fvi wZwb  GKv aviY Ki‡Z cv‡ib bv| Qwo‡q †`b Zv gvbe gb‡b evK¨ web¨v‡m| mvwei GKgvÎ mZ¨ wb‡R Dcjwä K‡i Zv Qwo‡q w`‡Z †P‡q‡Qb gvby‡li cÖwZ Acwimxg ggZvq| gvby‡li fy‡j _vKvi cÖe„wËi Avmw³ †_‡K Zz‡j G‡b my¯’¨ gb‡b w¯’i ivL‡Z  e‡j‡Qb,
wbtk¦v‡mi bvB wek¦vm †Kv‡bv
†`L‡i †f‡e gb
GB †h k¦vmUv wb‡j mvwei
GB †Zv Avqyi ¶Y|

bv eywSqv ZË¡ †h Zvi
Kiwj ïay Avgvi Avgvi
wK Av‡Q †Zvi Avgvi e‡j
fvewj bv KLb|
(Hkx †R¨vwZ, c„ôv 35)
mš—v‡bi Ag½j wPš—vq DrKwÉZ gv‡qi gZ Kwe  wec` †_‡K DËi‡Yi c_ evZ‡j w`‡q‡Qb :
w`b _vwK‡Z cv‡ii Kwo
†b †i mvwei †RvMvo Kwi
†ejv †k‡l Kuv`‡j e‡m
wK n‡e ZLb|
(Hkx †R¨vwZ, c„ôv 35)
g~jZt hv `k©‡bi AwZwi³ hv ev¯—eZvi AwaK, hv weÁvbgqZvi AwaK, hv †Kej gb‡b †g‡j wKš‘ mxgve×Zvq evav hvq bv Zv‡K AvZ¥¯’ K‡i weKwkZ KivB KweZv| Avi whwb Zv K‡ib wZwbB Kwe| Kwe KweZvgq, m„wógq| Avi m„wóI Kwewbf©i, mªóvwbf©i| GB `yB‡qi mgš^‡q mvwei Avn‡g` ZvB Kwe Ges Kve¨gq Rxe‡bi `xN©Zg mg‡q Zuvi gnvm‡Z¨i Dcjwäi †evwae„¶ wZwb eo K‡i Zzj‡Z m¶g n‡q‡Qb Zvi KweZvq Ges Mv‡bi gva¨‡g| m„wói g‡a¨ mªóv †eu‡P _v‡K| mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayixI Zuvi †jLvq †eu‡P _vK‡eb| wZwb Avi I wjLyb| †eu‡P _vKzb Ges mgvR‡K `vb Ki“b Zuvi `y» aej gvbweKZvi SY©vaviv †_‡K cÖvY`vwqbx myav|

ÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑÑ
†jwLKv t Kwe, M‡elK I miKvix Kg©KZ©v|


gvbeZvi Kwe
mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayix
KvRx mvjvn DÏxb


Avgv‡`i mvwn‡Z¨i GK weivU Awe‡”Q`¨-Awfbœ Ask evsjv Mvb| GB Mv‡bi †¶‡Î mgmvgwqK Kv‡j we‡klZt gvbeZvev` I gigxMv‡b GK D¾¡j wKse`š—xZzj¨ bvg  mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayix| wek¦ kvwš—, mªóv I  m„wó Ges gvbeZvev` Zuvi Mv‡bi g~j myi| evsjv‡`‡ki mxgvbv Qvwo‡q †m myi GLb Qwo‡q c‡o‡Q fviZ, BD‡ivc, Av‡gwiKvmn c„w_exi wewfbœ †`‡k| wewfbœ fvlvq Ab~w`Z n‡q‡Q Zuvi Mvb| Zuvi mvwnZ¨Kg© we‡k¦i wewfbœ wek¦we`¨vj‡q cvV¨ZvwjKvq Aš—f©y³|
Kwe mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayixi Rxeb-`k©b, wPš—v-†PZbvq †h Mfxi welq ¯úó Zv n‡jv : ¶Y¯’vqx c„w_ex‡Z hZB evav-weNœ wec`-msKzj c_ _vKzK bv †Kb, Zv AwZµg K‡i cÖ‡Z¨‡K AgiZ¡ jvf Ki‡Z m¶g †mB mv‡_ Av`k© gvbyl wn‡m‡e ü`‡qi gwb‡KvVvq kª×vi mv‡_ wPi¯§iYxq I eiYxq n‡q _vK‡Z cv‡ib| G D¾¡j `„óv‡š—i cÖZxK gvbeZvev`x gigx Kwe mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayix|
Kwe mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayix 1924 mv‡ji 15B RyjvB e„nËi XvKvi biwms`x †Rjvi †ejv‡ev _vbv Aš—f©y³ nuvwomv½vb MÖv‡g Rb¥MÖnY K‡ib| R‡b¥i c~‡e©B wZwb wcZv‡K nvivb| wcZv nvwbd †gvnv¤§` I gvZv AvwQqv LvZzb| Kwe  mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayixi mvwnZ¨K‡g©i Ici wewkó wPš—vwe` M‡elK W. Ki“Yvgq †Mv¯^vgx e‡jb :
Ôgigx Kwe Mvb †Zv evRv‡ii e¯‘ bq| G Zuvi Aš—iZg ab| Gi m‡½ cÖPwjZ †Kbv-†ePvi m¤úK© bq| GI wewµZ nq, Z‡e `v‡g bq †cÖ‡g, ûRy‡K bq Avb‡›`| GiI GKwU GjvKv Av‡Q, †m GjvKv we`y¨rZv‡jvwKZ bq, †m Av‡jvK Hkx| GiI GKwU †mŠ›`h© Av‡Q, †m †mŠ›`h© †gKvcg¨v‡bi †KŠ‡Uv †_‡K Av‡m bv, Av‡m cig my›`‡ii cÖmªeY †_‡K| G Mvb hv‡`i m‡¤^vab K‡i, `‡j g‡Z eq‡m fvlvq fvebvq LÊ-weLÊ  mËv bq, G Mvb m‡¤^vab K‡i gnvgvbe  mËv‡K, †hLv‡b gvbyl GK, fw³ GK, g½j GK, mZ¨ GK, †mŠ›`h© GK| gnv gvbweK HK¨ gigx Kwei †a¨q  e¯‘| wbiš—i mÜv‡bi †fZi w`‡q wZwb Avwe®‹vi K‡ib, mvaviY gvbyl †hLv‡b cv_©K¨ †`‡L, †mwU G‡Kev‡iB mvaviY, †Kv_vI †Kv‡bv cv_©K¨ †bB, mK‡jB Ac„_K, †Kv_vI †Kvb Am½wZ †bB, me©ÎB m½wZ, †Kv_vI †Kvb A‰bK¨ †bB, me©ÎB HK¨, ïayB Avb›`, ïayB wgjb, ïayB Avwj½‡Yi g‡nvrme Pj‡Q  RMr Ry‡o| mvgvb¨ †Pv‡L GB Acvi jxjv wef½ †`Lv hvq bv| Zvi R‡b¨ gigx `„wó PvB, gigxi cÖvY cÙ PvB| mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayix Zuvi ARmª Mv‡b gigx cÖvY cÙwUi `j †g‡j w`‡q‡Qb| c‡Ùi †hgb kZ`j, Zvi Mv‡biI kZfve kZ wefv|Õ
W. †Lv›`Kvi wiqvRyj nK weiwPZ Ôgigx Kwe mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayix : ˆPZb¨-jvjb-iex›`ª-gigx HwZn¨ msµgYÕ Awfm›`‡f© Dwj­wLZ n‡q‡Q :
Ômvwei Avn‡g` kªx‰PZ‡b¨i hy‡Mi gvbyl bb, jvjb kv‡ni hy‡Mi gvbyl bb, GgbwK iex›`ªhy‡Mi gvbylI bb, mvwei Avn‡g` G‡Kev‡iB AvaywbK Z_v eZ©gvb hy‡Mi gvbyl| mvwei Avn‡g` †Kv‡bv †Mi“qv †cvlvKavix mvay mbœ¨vmx `i‡ek-cxi bb, ... GKRb mdj msmvix gvbyl|Õ
W. wiqvRyj nK Mfxi Aš—`©„wó w`‡q cÖwZwU m½x‡Zi Aš—wb©wnZ A_© AbymÜvb K‡i cvV‡Ki mvg‡b mvwei †PŠayixi MxwZgvbm‡K ùwUK ¯^”Q K‡i Zz‡j‡Qb| wZwb e‡j‡Qb :
Ômvwe‡ii Kve¨ MxwZ ch©v‡jvPbv Ki‡j gvbe RvwZi mc‡¶ GKwU mve©Rbxb Av‡e`b Avgiv j¶¨ Kwi| we‡k¦i †h cÖv‡š— †h gvbyl evm Ki“K bv †Kb, hvi †h wek¦vmB _vKbv †Kb, Zv‡Z wKQy Av‡m hvq bv| gvbyl G‡K Ab¨‡K fv‡jvevm‡e, †KD KvD‡K Kó †`‡e bv, Kv‡iv cÖwZ wnsmv _vK‡e bv, Z‡eB  n‡e LuvwU gvbe mgvR| G  mgvRB M‡o Zzj‡e Kj¨vYKvgx ivóª, G mgvRB G‡b †`‡e g½jgq gvbe mf¨Zv|Õ
Avi GiB cÖwZdjb Kwe mvwe‡ii K‡É aŸwbZ n‡q‡Q Gfv‡e:
                     ÔAvKvk Avgvi N‡ii QvDbx
                            c„w_ex Avgvi Ni
                     mviv `ywbqvi mKj gvbyl
                            †KD bq †gvi ci \
Kwe mvwei Avng‡`i Abyf‡e, g‡b-gb‡b  mgMÖ gvbe RvwZ GK I Awfbœ, GK AvKv‡ki bx‡P emevmiZ mevB c„w_ex bvgK GK N‡ii  evwm›`v| †h N‡ii QvDbx D`vi Db¥y³ AvKvk| gvbe †Mvôx  mevB wg‡jwg‡k GK mywekvj gvbe cwievi|  RvwZ-ag©-fvlv-eY© me wg‡_¨, mevi cwiPq Avgiv gvbyl| A_P `yÕw`‡bi c„w_ex‡Z gvby‡l gvby‡l †h nvbvnvwb, jovB-Gi cÖwZ Bw½Z K‡i mvwei e‡jb :
                 ÔM‡f© wQ‡j M‡f© hv‡e
                 g‡a¨ KÕw`b Kvbœv nvwm
                 wK‡mi eovB wK‡mi jovB
                 `yÕw`‡bi GB aivq Avwm|Õ
a‡g© AÜ gvbyl‡K Amv¤cÖ`vwqK †PZbvq DØy× Ki‡Z mvwei e‡jb :
                  ÔAvj­vn e‡jv nwi e‡jv
                  †h hvB e‡jv fvB
                  †h bv‡g †h WvKzK Zv‡i
                  †m †h gvwjK muvB \Õ
A_ev
                  ÔwmÜz mg GKwU cyKzi
                  wfbœ wfbœ NvU †h Zvi
                  me Nv‡U‡Z GKB cvwb
                  ‡bB‡Kv †Kv‡bv †f` wePvi\Ó
RvwZ-a‡g©i fvlv e‡Y©i Aemvb NwU‡q, agx©q we‡f` NywP‡q gvbyl G‡K Aci‡K hv‡Z †`k Kv‡ji MwÊ †cwi‡q Kv‡Q †U‡b †bb| GR‡b¨ mvwe‡ii D`vË AvnŸvb :
                  ÔRvwZ a‡g©i fvlv e‡Y©i
                  ‡nvK me Aemvb
                  ‡`k Kvj mxgv Zz”Q MwÊi
                  gy‡Q hvK e¨eavb|Õ
me a‡g©i cÖwZ Zuvi AKzÉ kª×v‡eva Ges mevi j¶¨B †h GK I Awfbœ Zvi cÖKvk K‡i‡Qb wZwb Gfv‡e :
                  ÔwPkZx Rvjvj K…ò Kwei
                  ivgK…ò jvjb dwKi
                  wbZvB bvbK mevi exYvq
                  GKB my‡ii Avjvc cvB|Õ
Avj­vnZË¡, m„wóZË¡, cigZË¡, †`nZË¡, gvbylZË¡, †cÖgZË¡ BZ¨vw` mKj welqB Zuvi Mv‡b Aš—fy©³ n‡q‡Q| ¯^vgx we‡eKvb‡›`i fvlvq : ÔAvivabvi GKgvÎ Dcv`vb n‡jv gvbem`„k gvbevZ¥v|Õ †m‡¶‡Î mvwei e‡jb :
                  ÔgvbevZ¥vi gv‡SB i‡q‡Q
                  cigvZ¥v †h †mB
                  mKj a‡g©i mKj kv‡¯¿
                  ZË¡ †cjvg GB|Õ
Av‡iv Mfxifv‡e †Rvi w`‡q mvwei Av‡iv e‡jb :
                  ÔAš—i w`‡q Aš—i †`k
                  Lyu‡R †`‡Lv gbv fvB
                  g‡bi N‡iB K‡ib weivR
                  gnvb gvwjK muvB|Õ
iex›`ªbv_ †hgb e‡jb, Ômxgvi gv‡S Amxg Zzwg evRvI Avcb myiÕ †m‡¶‡Î mvwei e‡jb :
                  Ômxgvi gv‡S †Kvb Amx‡gi
                  wbZ¨ e‡m i‡mi †gjv
                  ‡Kvb †L‡jvqvo †Lj‡Q Ggb
                  iO †ei‡Oi hv`yi †Ljv|Õ
mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayix Zuvi ÔGB K_v †mB myiÕ kxl©K MÖ‡š’i gyLe‡Ü e‡jb : Ôm„wói g~‡j Avwg| Avgvi Rb¨B mªóvi mKj m„wó| †e‡n¯—, †`vhL, nvki, wgRvb, †Kvivb, cyivY mevi g~‡jB Avwg| GB wek¦ eªþvÊ Avgvi mËvq gwÊZ| Avwg mËvB GB eªþv‡Êi LwÊZ iƒc| AvZ¥ Dcjwäi kw³‡Z Avwg †mB cig mZ¨ I my›`i| we›`y KYv wmÜz‡Z wg‡k wmÜziB mgZzj¨| fv‡ei iv‡R¨ GKgvÎ Avwg-i mËv Qvov Avi mKj mËvB bk¦i| AvZ¥Áv‡b †h †kªô Ávbx †mB †Zv †kªô gvbyl|Õ Zuvi KweZvq ZvB G K_viB aŸwb D”PvwiZ n‡q‡Q Gfv‡e :
                  ÔgvbevZ¥vi cig weKvk
                  cigvZ¥vi Pig cÖKvk
                  AvZ¥Áv‡b †kªô Ávbx
                  Zv‡iB †kªô gvbyl Kq\Õ
Avevi we›`y †jv‡K wmÜz‡Z wZwb GKvKvi nb Gfv‡e :
                  Ôwe›`y †_‡K aivq G‡m
                  bv Lyu‡R †mB gnvwmÜz
                  k~‡b¨i cv‡k k~b¨ w`‡q
                  mvwR‡q †Mjvg ïb¨ we›`y\
Kwe PwÊ`vm †hgb e‡jb :
                  Ôgig bv Rv‡b aig evLvwb
                  Ggb AvQ‡i hviv
                  KvR bvB, ewj Zv‡`i K_vq
                  evwn‡i iwnj Zviv|Õ
mvwei e‡jb :
                  Ô‡cÖg Kiv †h Zv‡iB mv‡R
                  ‡h Rb †cÖ‡gi g~j¨ Rv‡b
                  ‡cÖ‡gi giv DRvb Qy‡U
                  fe b`xi So Zzdv‡b|Õ
PvYK¨ cwÊZ e‡jb :
                  Ôgb PvB‡jB nqbv‡Kv KvR
                  ‡Póv †h PvB A‡bK `~i|Õ
mvwei e‡jb :
                  Ô‡Kv‡bv KvRB nq bv mdj
                  wb‡Ri †Póv †bB‡Kv hvi|Õ
hy‡M hy‡M c„w_ex‡Z gnvcyi“‡liv G‡m‡Qb †`k, RvwZ I c„w_ex‡K mZ¨, my›`i c‡_ GwM‡q †bqvi R‡b¨| mevi Av`k© GK I Awfbœ, †m Kvi‡YB mvwei e‡jb :
                  ÔGK ¯‹z‡ji QvÎ mevB
                  wk¶v¸i“ GK RbvB
                  GKB avivq †jLvcov
                  wm‡jev‡mI Awgj bvB|Õ
gvbe R‡b¥i DrmB n‡”Q †cÖg, †cÖg mZ¨ Ges my›`i, †cÖggq c„w_exB Avgv‡`i mevi Kvg¨, G R‡b¨ mvwei e‡jb :
                  Ô‡cÖg mZ¨ wPi my›`i
                  kvwš— my‡Li Zj AZj
                  ‡cÖg Qvov G m„wó APj
                  Avgiv mevB †cÖ‡gi dmj|Õ
GKw`b Av‡jvgq GB my›`i my‡kvwfZ c„w_ex †Q‡o Avgiv mevB Ab‡š—i c‡_ cvwo Rgv‡ev| g„Zz¨ G‡m `uvov‡e `yqv‡i| Kwe mvwe‡ii fvlvq:
                  Ô‡gqv`x GK wUwKU wb‡q
                  Avm‡j mvwei aivi †`‡k
                  wU wU G‡m wUwKU †`‡L
                  evBÜv  wb‡e †gqv` †k‡l|Õ
Ges g„Zz¨i c‡i
                  Ôgi‡j c‡i Avcb ¯^Rb
                  Kuv`‡e †i fvB w`b `yB Pvwi
                  c‡i mevB hvq †i fy‡j
                  GB †Zv †i GB `ywbqv`vix|Õ
wewkó Kwe-mgv‡jvPK-mvwnwZ¨K †gvnv¤§` gvndzRDj­vn e‡jb : Ômvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayixi iPbvq me wKQy Qvwc‡q †R‡M Av‡Q gvbe‡cÖg, ¯^‡`k‡cÖg I mve©Rbxb Kj¨vY‡eva| †hgb : gyw³hy‡×i ci ¯^vaxbZv-DËi Zvi Mv‡bi evYx :
                  Ôfv‡jv‡e‡m †`k hviv †X‡j w`j
                  ey‡Ki i³ KYv
                  Zuv‡`i gnvb Z¨v‡Mi Kvwnbx
                  fywj bvB fyj‡ev bv|Õ
W. †Lv›`Kvi wiqvRyj nK Kwe mvwe‡ii KweZv I Mv‡bi fvee¯‘ †_‡K Wyeyixi gZ kZ wefvi †h Hk¦h© AvniY K‡i Ôgigx Kwe mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayix : ˆPZb¨-jvjb-iex›`ª gigx HwZn¨ msµgYÕ kxl©K Awfm›`f© iPbv K‡i 2001 mv‡j iex›`ª fviZx wek¦we`¨vjq †_‡K ÔwW-wjUÕ wWMÖx AR©b K‡ib| †Kvb RxweZ Kwe mvwnwZ¨‡Ki Ici M‡elYvi dj wn‡m‡e G ai‡bi ÔwW-wjUÕ wWMÖx AR©b wbtm‡›`‡n weij Ges †MŠiegq| GQvov Zuvi Ici M‡elYv MÖš’ wj‡L‡Qb W. Avkivd wmwÏKxmn `yB evsjvi Av‡iv L¨vwZgvb M‡elK| MÖš’wUi bvg Ômvwei gvbm mÜvbÕ| GQvov Av‡iv MÖš’ wj‡L‡Qb Aa¨¶ gyn¤§` AvjgMxi I Kwe g. wgRvbyi ingvb| Kwe mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayixi mvwnZ¨Kg© wb‡q e„nr K‡je‡i W. g„`yj Kvwš— PµeZx© cÖKvk K‡i‡Qb ÔKwe mvwei I Zuvi MvbÕ| evsjv‡`‡ki Aa¨vcK nvmvb Ave`yj KvBDg Ges cwðgevsjvi Kwe mbœ¨vmx ¸ßI cÖKvk K‡i‡Qb M‡elYvjä MÖš’| wewkó wPš—vwe` I †jLK jyrdzj Kwig Ôevsjvi Igi ˆLqvgÕ e‡j mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayix‡K AvL¨vwqZ K‡i‡Qb| D‡j­L¨, m¤cÖwZ gi‡°v‡Z AbywôZ ÔwgDwRK Bb `¨ Iqvì© Ae BmjvgÕ kxl©K †mwgbv‡i evsjv‡`‡ki cÖwZwbwa W. g„`yjKvwš— PµeZx© mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayix iwPZ ÔHkx †R¨vwZÕ MÖš’‡K gigxev‡`i Ici GK Abb¨ `wjj e‡j AvL¨vwqZ K‡i‡Qb| wek¦ kvwš—i R‡b¨ Zuvi gvbe AvZ¥v †Ku‡` D‡V‡Q evievi| wZwb mªóvi Kv‡Q wb‡Ri gyw³ bv †P‡q mviv c„w_exi gvby‡li gyw³ Kvgbv K‡i‡Qb Gfv‡e :
                  gnvb Avj­vn `iev‡i Ze
                  Avgvi G †gvbvRvZ
                  mviv we‡k¦i mKj gvbyl
                  mev‡K `vI bvRvZ\
                  i³ †bkvq †g‡Z‡Q c„w_ex
                  ‡bB eywS Av‡jv Avkv
                  gvby‡l gvby‡l P‡j nvbvnvwb
                  wnsmv me©bvkv|
                  aŸsm †_‡K euvPvI †n †Lv`v
                  ‡Zvgvi gLjyKvZ\
....................................................................................................
†jLK t wewkó Kwe, mv‡eK †eZvi Kg©KZ©v|

giwg Kwe mvwei Avn‡g‡`i
wbtm½ †kicv
nvmvbyj Kvqmvi


mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayixi Rb¥ 1924 mv‡ji 15 RyjvB biwms`x †Rjvi nvwomv½vb MÖv‡g| wcZv nvwbd †gvn¤§` I gv AvwQqv LvZzb| covïbv K‡i‡Qb AvnmvbDj­vn BwÄqvwis K‡j‡R (evsjv‡`k cÖ‡KŠkj wek¦we`¨vjq) wmwfj BwÄqvwis wel‡q| Kg©Rxe‡b wQ‡jb mybvgMÄ †Rjvi cÖ‡KŠkjx| †m”Qvq PvKzwi Z¨vM| 1952 mv‡j fvlv Av‡›`vj‡b †hvM`vb| eY©vX¨ cvwievwiK Rxeb| D‡j­L‡hvM¨ iPbv: Avgvi g‡bi dzj`vwb‡Z (1984), GB K_v †mB myi (1987), wm wmwjwmqvj jvBU (1991), Hkx †R¨vwZ (1997), kZ nvg` kZ bv_ (1997), Bmjvgx Dcj‡¶i Mvb (1998), c„w_ex Avgvi Ni (1999), wgw÷K evW© (1999), GB †`k GB gvwU (2001), wewPZ fvebv (2006), Kve¨ gÄyix (2007)|
  mvwei welqK iPbv I cÖKvkbv : W. †Lv›`Kvi wiqvRyj nK, gigx Kwe mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayix (1993) I  †Lv›`Kvi wiqvRyj nK, gigx Kwe mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayix ˆPZb¨-jvjb-iex›`ª-gigx HwZn¨ msµgb (1996); †gvnv¤§` AvjgMxi, wgw÷K c‡qU mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayix (1993); †Zvdv‡qj Avn‡g`, ˆPZb¨-jvjb-iex›`ª-gimyi-mvwei (); nvmvb Avãyj KvBDg mvwei Kv‡e¨ Bmjvgx fveaviv (2002); Gbvgyj Kexi mvwei msMxZ ¯^iwjwc (2002); W. Avkivd wmwÏKx m¤úvw`Z mvwei gvbm mÜvb (2004); G †K Gg jyrdzi Kwig, kvwš— †cÖ‡gi mvwei evYx (2004); myaxb `vk mvwei MxwZ ¯^iwjwc (2006); mbœ¨vmx Dc¸ß iƒc mvM‡i Aiƒc iZb (2005); g„`yjKvwš— PµeZx© Kwe mvwei I Zvi Mvb (2006)|

`y †kv eQi Av‡M †j‡e‡`d evOvwji PwiÎ m¤ú‡K© gš—e¨ K‡iwQ‡jb, †h, evOvwjiv fvjev‡m Mvb Avi fuvovwg| evOvwji i‡³ Mv‡bi †mªvZ ewn‡Q| cÖvPxb evsjv Mv‡bi A‡bK wb`k©b Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q Aewkó †bB| wKš‘ evsjv Mv‡bi aviv, ci¤úvwiK kw³ BwZnv‡mi †mB c_‡K wb‡`©k K‡i| myi-Zvj-jq GB Îqx mw¤§j‡b c„w_exi mKj Mv‡bi m„wó| †m cÖev‡ni Ab¨Zg gigx aviv| gigx kãwU Bs‡iwR Mystic k‡ãi cÖwZiƒc| Gi A_© AwZw›`ªq ev Ava¨vwZ¥K Ávb| evsjv GKv‡Wgx Awfavb Abyhvqx ÔAva¨vwZ¥KÕ A_© cvigvw_©K; Acvw_©e; A‡jŠwKK; Rb¥ Rxeb g„Zz¨ m„wó mªóv welqK wPš—v; mvabv; Ph©v| giwgÑ AvZ¥v n‡Z RvZ ev AvZ¥v m¤^Üxq Ávb cÖvPxbKvj †_‡K PP©v n‡q Avm‡Q| cÖv‡P¨ cÖ_g D”PvwiZ giwg mva‡Ki bvg RvjvjywÏb i“wg| wZwb aviYv Ki‡ZbÑ Mv‡bi my‡ii g~”Q©bvq mªóvi Kv‡Q emevm Kiv hvq| cÖvPxb evsjv Mv‡bi avivq Zvi AviI cÖgvY i‡q‡Q, we‡kl K‡i cwÊZ ïf¼‡ii msMxZ `v‡gv`i MÖ‡š’ wKsev msMxZkv‡¯¿| evsjv fvlvi cÖvPxb wb`©kb AvPvh© nicÖmv` kv¯¿x Avwe¯‹…Z Ph©vc`; fiZgywbi bvU¨kv¯¿; cÖvPxb I ga¨hy‡Mi evsjv Kve¨MxwZ‡Z giwgaviv msµwgZ n‡q‡Q| ˆPZb¨‡`e †_‡K evDj Kwe jvjb dwKi; iex›`ªv_ VvKz‡ii g‡a¨ giwg aviv cÖevwnZ| †mB msµgY wek kZ‡K G‡m e¨wß jvf K‡i‡Q evsjv‡`‡ki Ab¨Zg giwg mvaK mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayixi g‡a¨| eZ©gvb cÖeÜ Ôgiwg Kwe mvwei Avn‡g` wb:m½ †kicvÕq †mB Av‡jvPbv ¯’vb cv‡e|
     msMxZ Ges KweZv Kv‡j Ae¯’vb K‡i| wPÎKjv wKsev ¯’vcZ¨wkí Aeq‡e Avi myi gnvKvje¨vcx ¯’vqx| Mvb iPbvq gyL, Aš—iv I mÂvix †mB m½g iPbv K‡i| hvi cwimgvwß gnvKv‡j| mycÖvPxb mf¨Zvq Rxe‡bi cÖwZ ¯—‡i Mv‡bi myi wQj, wQj m„wó mªóv welqK wPš—v| †m wPš—v giwg bv‡g aiv w`‡q‡Q Kv‡ji AveZ©‡b| GKwU j¨vwUb KweZv w`‡q aviYvwU AviI ¯úó Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i| iƒWwjc wj‡L‡QbÑ ÔhyeK †e‡o D‡V `„pZvq, cvkvcvwk hyeZx Zvi wecix‡Z| †kvY mv`„k¨ n‡q D‡V †m, †Rvo Zvi †f‡m †eovq Avevwej cvwLi g‡Zv|Õ GB Ô†RvoÕ kãwU m¤^Ü m„wó K‡i mªóv I mvaviY gvby‡li m‡½; Avi †mwUB giwg|
     wLªóR‡b¥i `yÕk eQi c~‡e© fiZgywY iwPZ bvU¨kv‡¯¿i ïi‡ZB ejv n‡q‡QÑ ÔbvU¨kv¯¿s cÖe¶¨vwg eªþYv h`yavüZg&Õ| A_©vr eªþv cÂg‡e`iƒ‡c bvU¨kv¯¿ iPbv K‡ib| bvU¨kv‡¯¿ g c~Rv‡K bU-bUxi GK cÖKv‡ii Kg© Drm‡M©i wµqvi m‡½ Zzjbv Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i| †mLv‡b †`e‡`ex Ges Kgbxq Zbywewkó e¨w³‡`i f~wgKv me©`v bvix wkíx Øviv AwfbxZ nIqv evÃbxq| bvU¨kv‡¯¿ bvix wkíxi Awfbq cÖm‡½ Awbevh©fv‡e myi I msMxZ fi K‡i‡Q| wk‡ei ZvÊe b„Z¨MxwZi gva¨‡g mªóvi kw³i eY©bv Kiv n‡q‡Q| Kwe mvwei e‡j‡QbÑ
Avj­vn e‡jv nwi e‡jv
†hB hv e‡jv fvB
†h bv‡g WvKzK Zuv‡i
†m †h gvwjK muvB|
A_©vr mªóvi bvg eo bq; mªóvi wbqš¿YB ¸i“Z¡c~Y©| mªóv me©Rx‡ei Kj¨vY K‡ib| Rx‡ei cÖwZ Zuvi Amxg ggZv| Ab¨Î wZwb wj‡L‡QbÑ ÔkqZv‡biB †auvKvq c‡o/Av`g n‡jv bvdigvb|Õ A_©vr mvwei wicy `g‡bi K_v e‡j‡Qb| hv Agvb¨ K‡i Av`gI c_åó n‡qwQ‡jb|
     Dwol¨vi g‡nk¦i gnvcv‡Îi AwfbqPw›`ªKv, iNybv‡Zi m½xZ `v‡gv`i Ges MRcwZ bvivqY †`‡ei m½xZ bvivqY, GQvov Avmvg A‡j cÖvß cwÊZ ïf¼‡ii kªxn¯— gy³vejx‡Z msMxZ cÖm‡½ we¯—…Z Av‡jvPbv ¯’vb †c‡q‡Q| msMxZkv‡¯¿ Ô†`kx msMxZÕ- Gi msÁv †`qv Gfv‡eÑ †`‡k †`‡k Rbvbvg& h`„”Qv ü`q iÄKg&/ MvbsP ev`bs b„Z¨g& Z‡ÏkxZzPz¨‡Z ey‰at|Õ  A_©vr †`‡k †`‡k ev AÂj‡f‡` MxZ, ev`¨ I b„Z¨ †mB †`k ev A‡ji Awaevmx‡`i i“wP Abyhvqx M‡o D‡V Avi Zv‡KB †`kx msMxZ e‡j| †`kx msMx‡Zi Ab¨Zg aviv giwg|
     gnv‡gvncva¨vq nicÖmv` kv¯¿x (1853-1932) 1907 mv‡j †bcv‡ji ivR`ievi †_‡K GKwU ÔAvðh©Õ cuyw_ Avwe¯‹vi K‡ib, Zvi bvg ÔPh©¨vPh©¨wewbðqÕ| ÔPh©vÕ K_vwUi ey¨rcwËMZ K_v nj ÔMgbkxjÕ| ey× Zvwš¿K‡`i wk¶v n‡jv AvMg-wbMg ev ci¤úiv| ¸i“wk‡l¨i cvi¤úwiK gš¿Ávb cÖPvi Kivi †h MxZ ZvB Ph©v| †Wv¤^xcv iwPZ 18 b¤^i Ph©vq D‡j­L n‡q‡QÑ
Zxb fyAb gB evwnA †n‡j|
nvD my‡Zvwj gnvmyn jx‡j \
KBmwY nv‡jv †Wv¤^x †Zv‡nvix fveix Avjx|
A‡š— KzwjYRb gv‡Su Kvevjx\
A_©vr wZb fyeb Ae‡njvq †e‡q Gjvg, Avwg gnvmyL myw߇Z jxjv Kijvg| G †Kgb †Zvgvi fve‡Ljv, A‡š— fve‡Ljv, A‡š— ivLQ Kzwjb Rb‡K gv‡S KvcvwjK| Kwe mvwei e‡jbÑ
Avw` I Aš— wPi-Rxeš—
gnvb Avj­v me©kw³gvb
gnv-DbœZ cyZ-cweÎ
†kªô eÜz AZxe †g‡nievb|
wZwb mªóv‡K AvevI Mfxi kª×v Rvbv‡”Qb| cweÎ Kzivb kix‡d myiv Avj Ggiv‡bi fvev‡_© Zvi mv`„k¨ †`Lv hvq|
     eZ©gvb evsjv Mv‡bi ¯’vqx, Aš—iv, mÂvix Ges Av‡fvM-GB Pvi Kwji cwie‡Z© c~‡e© wQjÑ D`&MÖvn, †gjvcK, aª“e I A‡fvM, G‡`i‡K ejv n‡Zv avZz| me©Î †h GB avZzi Dcw¯’wZ _vK‡Zv Zv bq eis aª“‡ei Dcw¯’wZ wQj me©Î| mvwei cÖvPxb GB ixwZ‡K aª“‡ei Dcw¯’wZ wUwK‡q †i‡L‡Qb| Ph©vc‡`I Gi fve ewR©Z wQj bv| myZivs GB mw¤§jb evsjv Mv‡bi ci¤úiv‡K wb‡`©k K‡i| Ph©vc‡`i cÖwZwU c‡`i cÖv_wgK c‡e© MxwZ Avi‡¤¢i Kv‡jB Zvi ivM wb‡`©k i‡q‡Q| †hgbÑ ivM cUgÄywi, gj­vwi, Kv‡gv` eivwo, ˆfiex, Moev cÖf„wZ| mvwei MxwZi ‰ewk‡ó¨ Zvi Dcw¯’wZ †`Lv hvq| Zuvi Bmjvwg Abym‡½i Mv‡bÑ
Bq¨v †gvnv¤§` †Lv`vi imyj
jv‡Lv `iƒ` jv‡Lv mvjvg
Avj­vZvjvi bv‡gi c‡iB
wgwó gayi †Zvgvi I bvg|
GLv‡b Bgb iv‡Mi Dcw¯’wZ| ga¨g †¯‹‡j MvbwU MxZ cÖebZv| Ab¨ÎÑ wRwKi K‡iv, wRwKi K‡iv/Avj­vû Avj­vû/K~j Avj‡gi mevB I bv‡g/h‡c g~ûgy©û (Avj­vû Avj­vû.....)| `v`iv Zv‡ji GB MvbwU‡Z Bgb Kj¨vY iv‡Mi e¨envi n‡q‡Q|
     Ph©vMxwZi ci msMxZ‰kjxi Ab¨Zg wb`k©b Rq‡`‡ei MxZ‡Mvwe›`| Øv`k kZ‡K ms¯‹…Z fvlvq iwPZ nq GB Kve¨| MxwZ‡Mvwe‡›` i‡q‡Q 12wU mM©, 80wU †k­vK Avi 24wU Mvb| Rq‡`e iwPZ c`¸wj‡Z Kve¨ I msMx‡Zi mgš^q N‡U‡Q hv evsjv msMx‡Zi GKwU Ab¨Zg ˆewkó¨| GB mKj c`¸wj ivaK„‡òi †cÖgjxjv‡K †K›`ª K‡i iwPZ| G Kv‡e¨i PweŸkwU MvbB gvÎve„Ë Acåsk Q‡›`i Avkª‡q iwPZ, ms¯‹…‡Zi A¶ie„Ë Q›` †mLv‡b Abycw¯’Z| giwg Kwe mwei Avn‡g‡`i MxwZ cwiKíbv Ges iPbv web¨v‡m gvÎve„‡Ëi Dcw¯’wZ me©Î| GLv‡b wZwb HwZn¨‡K avib K‡i‡Qb| KLbI †Póv K‡i‡Qb gvÎve„Ë Q›`‡K wb‡Ri web¨vm †KŠk‡j mvRv‡Z| G‡Z Q‡›`i Aš—i½ Abym½¸‡jv ¶wYK iƒcK wn‡m‡e aiv w`‡q‡Q| Avevi Zv bZzb GKwU Qv›`wmK Muv_ywb wn‡m‡e D‡V G‡m‡Q|
     MxZ‡Mvwe›` Kv‡e¨i ci evsjv Mv‡bi me‡P‡q ¸i“Z¡c~Y© wb`©kb eo– PÛx`v‡mi kªxK…òKxË©b| kªxK…òKxË©‡b †gvU c‡`i msL¨v Pvi‡kv AvVv‡ivwU| cÖwZwU c‡`i m‡½ Zvi myi Zv‡ji m‡½ MvqbixwZi cwieZ©b I Q‡›`i ˆewPÎ j¶¨ Kiv hvq| cÖK…wZ I †jŠwKK ixwZi Avkª‡q weewZ©Z n‡q kªxK…òKxË©‡b b~Zb iƒc Avkªq jvf K‡i‡Q| hv Avh© fvi‡Z cÖvK…Z Q›` bv‡g e¨vc„Z wQj|
     gvjvai emyi kªxK…ò weRq Ges weRq Myß I bvivqY †`e K…Z gbmvg½j †_‡K Rvbv hvqÑ evsjv Kv‡e¨i GB mvayixwZ ZLb cqvi bv‡g cwiwPZ wQj| GB ÔcqviÕ ev ÔmvayÕ ixwZi Q‡›`i cÖ_g cÖgvY †g‡j kªxK…òKxË©‡b| ivgcÖmv‡`i iPbvqI Zvi cÖgvY †g‡j| †hgbÑ ÔWye †` †i gb Kvjx e‡j/üw`-iZœvK‡i AMva R‡j| Abyiƒc cqvi Q‡›`i mw¤§jb †`Lv hvq mvwei Kv‡e¨| h_vÑ
Nvg ïKvevi Av‡M †kva K‡iv
cvIbv †m gRy‡ii
f„‡Z¨i cÖwZ n‡qv bv wb`©q
wb‡`©k ivmy‡ji|
GB ixwZi Q›` me©‡Zvfv‡e evsjv fvlvi ¯^vfvweK D”PviY c×wZi Dci cÖwZwôZ| G Kvi‡Y iex›`ªbv_ VvKzi, w؇R›`ªjvj GB †jŠwKK Q›`‡K e‡j‡QbÑ evsjv fvlvi ¯^vfvweK Q›`| GB ¯^vfvweK Q›`ixwZ jvPvwoixwZ mvaviY gvby‡li gy‡L cÖPwjZ wQj| kªxK…òKxË©‡bi iPbv c×wZ‡Z Zvi cÖgvY †g‡j| †hgbÑ ÔZvnvi nv‡_ ˆn‡i Kskvmy‡i webv‡k|/†nb ei Muv_v me †`‡e †Mjv ev‡m|Õ [Rb¥LÊ, cv` 3/1] kªxK…òKxË©‡bi ivM-ivwMbxi cwiPq †g‡j msMxZkv¯¿ †_‡K| mvwei Kv‡e¨ msMxZkv‡¯¿i fve ewR©Z bq| ZviciI wZwb wbR¯^ AvaywbKZv AbymÜvb K‡i‡Qb|
     evsjv Z_v Dcgnv‡`kxq msMx‡Z we`¨vcwZi Ae`vb Acwimxg| aviYv Kiv nq wZwb 1350 A_ev 1360 mv‡ji †Kvb GK mgq Rb¥MÖnY K‡ib| we`¨vcwZ wewfbœ wel‡q Ávb AR©b K‡ib| ˆeòe c`vejx iPbvi †¶‡Î we`¨vcwZ Rq‡`‡ei Abymvix wQ‡jb| we`¨vcwZ †m Kvi‡Y ÔAwfbe Rq‡`eÕ wn‡m‡e AvL¨v †`qv n‡qwQj| we`¨vcwZi c`¸‡jv AvaywbK myi jvwjZ¨ Ges kã gvay‡h© Abb¨| †hgbÑ ÔjZvZi“Ai gÛc `xA|/wbigj mmawfwZ aejxA|Õ A_©vr jZv Ges Zi“i g‡a¨ gÛ‡c Øxc R¡j‡Q| wbg©j kkai ïf wfwË iPbv Ki‡Q| giwg Kwe mvwei G Kv‡ji GKRb we`¨vcwZi f~wgKv cvjb Ki‡Q Zvi giwg iPbvi ga¨ w`‡q| Zuvi c~R¨ gÛc c„w_exi mKj m„wó| m„ó Rx‡ei cÖwZ ggZ¡ Zuvi iPbvi Abb¨ wb`k©b| †hgbÑ
m„ó-Rx‡ei †mev K‡i hviv
mªóvi wcÖq f³ †h Zviv
m„wói gv‡S gnvb mªóv
m`v †m weivRgvb|
†mb ivR‡Z¡ ej­vj †m‡bi mgq iwPZ †jvPb kg©vi ivMZiw½bx ¸i“Z¡c~Y© msMxZMÖš’| ivMZiw½bx‡Z i‡q‡Q †gvU 5wU Zi½| G mKj Zi½¸‡jv Mv‡bi K_vi Dci wbf©ikxj| GLv‡b hš¿ Ges Mv·K wewf‡` MxZ‡K wØwea ejv n‡q‡Q| ivMZiw½bx‡Z cÖPwjZ iv‡Mi msL¨v 12wU| we‡ePbv Ki‡j †`Lv hv‡eÑ evsjvi ag©, mgvR, ms¯‹vi Ges gb‡b ˆeòe mvwn‡Z¨i Ae`vb Acwimxg| †cÖgvbyf~wZ I †cÖ‡gi Avbymvw½K fv‡ei m~² I ˆewP‡Îi Dcw¯’wZ| mvwei Kv‡e¨I G iKg ˆewP‡Îi Dcw¯’wZ Avek¨Kiƒ‡c †`Lv †M‡Q| wZwb Bmjvgx Abym‡½i iPbvi cvkvcvwk cigZ‡Ë¡i K_v e‡j‡Qb| wZwb wj‡L‡QbÑ gvbe Rxeb GB/GB Av‡Q, GB †bB/wmÜz mvM‡i GK/we›`y mgZzj| Zvui e³‡e¨ ¯úó n‡q‡Q, c„w_ex‡Z whwb hZB KZ©e¨ Áv‡b e¨¯— _v‡KbÑ wKš‘ G Rxeb mwZ¨B cÖnmb ˆewK! wZwb AveviI D‡j­L K‡i‡QbÑ
†Kvb †`‡k‡Z evwo Avgvi
†Kv_vq Avmj wVK-wVKvbv
c‡_ c‡_ Ny‡i wd‡i
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mgKv‡ji evsjv gigx MxwZ KweZvi Avš—R©vwZK L¨vwZm¤úbœ gigx Kwe mvwei Avng` †PŠayix| biwms`x †Rjvi nvwomv½vb MÖv‡g 15 RyjvB 1924 mv‡j Kwei Rb¥| GKvav‡i we`¨vjq I g³‡e covïbvKv‡jB Zvi Kve¨ cÖwZfvi Avfvm wg‡j| 1945 mv‡j Kwe g¨vwUªK cvk K‡ib| Zvi ci wmwfj BwÄwbqvwis wW‡c­vgv †Kvm© †kl K‡i PvKwi‡Z †Xv‡Kb| wb‡Ri fy‡ji Rb¨ Zvui cÖ_g ˆeevwnK m¤ú‡K© we‡”Q` N‡U‡Q| eq‡mi cv_©‡K¨i Kvi‡Y wØZxq we‡qI †f‡½ hvq| Z…Zxq ¯¿xi gva¨‡g msmv‡i ¯^v”Q›`¨ Avm‡jI AK¯§vr ¯¿xi g„Zz¨‡Z me wKQy DjU-cvjU n‡q hvq| msmv‡ii cÖ‡qvR‡b PZz_© ev‡ii gZ we‡q K‡i Av‡Rv mdj `v¤úZ¨ Rxeb hvcb Ki‡Qb| PZz_© ¯¿xi M‡f© GKwU Kb¨v I GKwU †Q‡j mš—vb i‡q‡Q| msmv‡ii GZ NvZ-cÖwZNv‡Zi g‡a¨ Kwei mvwnZ¨ PP©v †_‡g _v‡Kwb| Kwei mv‡_ Avgvi Pvi P¶zi mv¶vr  bv NU‡jI †Mj eQi Kwe Luvb kIK‡Zi gva¨‡g W. Avkivd wmwÏKx m¤úvw`Z mvwei gvbm mÜvb bvgK e„nr K‡je‡ii eBLvwb cvIqvi †mŠfvM¨ nq|
Ômvwei gvbm mÜvbÕ MÖš’Lvwb‡Z KjKvZv I evsjv‡`‡ki cÖL¨vZ  myax, M‡elK I †jLK‡`i ÁvbMe© Av‡jvPbv ¯’vb †c‡q‡Q| e‡iY¨ †jLKMY I †jLK‡`i ÁvbMf© Av‡jvPbv ¯’vb †c‡q‡Q| e‡iY¨ †jLKMY ˆPZb¨ jvjb iex›`ª nvQb MxwZi ciB mvwei MxwZi Ae¯’vb wbwðZ K‡i‡Qb Zv‡`i g~j¨evb M‡elYv 1987 m‡b Kwei †mB myi Øviv| MÖš’Lvwbi m¤úv`bv cwil‡` i‡q‡Qb ¯^bvgab¨ †jLK W. Avkivd wmwÏKx, W. mbrKzgvi wgÎ, W. gwbi“¾vgvb, W. Ki“Yvgq †Mv¯^vgx, W. †Lv›`Kvi wiqvRyj nK, W. ixbv `Ë, W. MvRx ingvb I W. wek¦bv_ miKvi|
1998 gvP© gv‡m iex›`ª fviZx wek¦we`¨vj‡qi m¤§wZ mv‡c‡¶ W. ‡Lv›`Kvi wiqvRyj nK gigx Kwe mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayixi Rxeb I K‡g©i Dci M‡elYv Avi¤¢ K‡ib| wiqvRyj n‡Ki mywjwLZ GB Awfm›`f©wUi Rb¨ iex›`ª fviZxq wek¦we`¨vjq 2001 mv‡j †jLK‡K wW. wjU. wWMÖx cÖ`vb K‡ib| MÖš’Lvwb cÖKvwkZ nIqvi ci fvi‡Zi ga¨ cÖ‡`‡ki kªxnwicÖmv` wgkª wnw›`‡Z Abyev` K‡ib Ges KjKvZv †_‡K kªx Rqš—Kzgvi gy‡Lvcva¨vq Zv cÖKvk K‡ib| G MÖ‡š’i †ek wKQy KweZv wb‡q wewkó †jLK Kwe g. wgRvbyi ingvb ÔwgwóK evW©Õ bv‡g Bs‡iRx Abyev`MÖš’ cÖKvk K‡ib| e„‡U‡bi ivYx GwjRv‡e_, mv‡eK gvwK©b †cÖwm‡W›U wej wK¬bUb, L„óvb ag© ¸i“ wØZxq Rb †cvc cj, wZeŸ‡Zi †eŠ× agx©q †bZv `vjvBjvgv cÖgyL L¨vZbvgv e¨w³ wgwóK evW© eBwUi we‡klfv‡e  Awfb›`b evZ©v I cÖksmvcÎ cvwV‡q Kwe‡K AbycÖvwYZ K‡i‡Qb|
mvwnZ¨K, BwZnvm M‡elK Aa¨vcK AwRZ Kzgvi ivq Gs XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡qi `k©b wefv‡Mi Aa¨vcK W. cÖ`xc ivq mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayix m¤^‡Ü e‡j‡Qb, evsjv‡`‡ki wbmM© I b„-ZË¡ G‡`‡ki Awaevmx‡`i AvengvbKvj †_‡KB gvbwmKfv‡e GK we‡kl gbt¯—‡Z¡i AwaKvix K‡i M‡o Zzj‡Z m¶g n‡q‡Qb|
evsjv‡`‡ki cÖL¨vZ `vk©wbK cÖqvZ †`Iqvb †gvnv¤§` AvRid e‡jb, Kwe ev MxwZKviMY mvaviY gvbyl †_‡K Aek¨B wKQyUv cv_©‡K¨i AwaKvix| mvaviY gvby‡li c‡¶ Bw›`ªqR Áv‡bi AZxZ mËv ev †evwajä Áv‡bi `xwß _v‡K LyeB A®úó| KweM‡Yi g‡a¨ Zv bvbvfv‡e ¯úó n‡q †`Lv †`q e‡j Zviv Abvqv‡m †m `xwßi Av‡jv‡K AvcvZ`„wó‡Z A`„k GK RM‡Zi mÜvb jvf K‡ib| †m mÜv‡bi djB n‡”Q Zuv‡`i Kvwe¨K Ae`vb|
mvwei Avn‡g` Zuvi c~e©mywi jvjbkvn ev nvQb ivRvi cÖkw¯—i c~‡e© Avj­vn I Zuvi ivmyj (mvt) I Bmjvg RM‡Zi Acivci gnvgvbeM‡Yi cÖwZ Zuvi Awewgkª kª×v wb‡e`b K‡i‡Qb| wZwb jvjb kvn/nvQb ivRv †hfv‡e gymwjg gigxev`x‡`i gvbwmKZv †_‡K DËivwaKvi jvf K‡i Zv‡`i wPš—v I Abyf~wZi weeZ©‡b m¤ú~Y© ¯^vaxbfv‡e Zv‡`i gvb‡mi Abyf~wZ ev †eŠw×K wm×vš— cÖKvk K‡i‡Qb| wZwb gymwjg giwgev‡`i g~jbxwZ (gvb Avivdv bvdmvû dvKv` Avivdv iveŸvû - †h Avcbv‡K †R‡b‡Q - †m Zvi ieŸ‡KI †R‡b‡Q) †K GLb ch©š— gigxev‡`i g~j m~Î e‡jB ¯^xKvi K‡i‡Qb| gymwjg gigxev`x nhiZ Avãyj Kvw`i wRjvbx, nhiZ LvRv gCb DwÏb wPkZx, nhiZ kvn Rvjvj (it) cÖgyL gnvgvbeM‡Yi cÖwZ i‡q‡Q Zvi AwePj kª×v| wZwb we‡`ªvnx Kwe bRi“j Bmjv‡gi g‡Zv me©ag© mgš^qg~jK g‡bvfv‡ei cÖKvk K‡i‡Qb| Z‡e †h‡nZz †kl ch©š— Avj­vn, im~j I KziAvb Dj Kix‡gi Dci Zvi `„p cÖZ¨q AUzU i‡q‡Q, GR‡b¨ G¸‡jv‡K Zvi MxwZ‡Z iƒc‡Ki ¯’vbB w`‡Z n‡e| mew`K we‡ePbv K‡i mvwei Avn‡g`‡K AvaywbK gymwjg gigxev`x e‡j AvL¨vwqZ Kiv hvq|
evsjv‡`‡ki L¨vwZgvb M‡elK, mvwnwZ¨K I cÖeÜKvi W. ew`D¾vgvb e‡j‡Qb, mvaviYfv‡e gigx mvwnZ¨ Avgv‡`i A‡bK †cQ‡b †U‡b wb‡q hvq, †hLv‡b bvMwiK Rxe‡bi RwUjZv †_‡K `~‡i wbm‡M©i m‡½ gvby‡li Aš—i½ m¤úK© m„wó nq Ges Gfv‡e m¤úK© m„wó nq e‡jI mªóvi m‡½ wbweo ˆbKU¨ M‡o D‡V| †m Kvi‡Y gigx mvwn‡Z¨ we‡kl K‡i gigx Mv‡bi mªóvi m‡½ m„wói Abycg m¤úK© beiƒ‡c Avwe®K…Z nq| `yB‡qi mKj cv_©K¨ wejyß n‡q hvq| Zv‡`i g‡a¨ Acvw_©e †cÖ‡gi m¤úK© m„wó nq| mªóv †hgb gvby‡li g‡Zv e¨w³Z¡cÖvß n‡q gvby‡li wbZ¨w`‡bi msmv‡i GKvš— wcÖqRb n‡q D‡Vb, †Zgwb gvbylI G wcÖqR‡bi fvjevmvi evwi‡Z øvZ n‡q GK cÖKv‡ii AgivZ¥v cÖvß nq, mxgve× cvw_©e Rxe‡b Ae¯’vb K‡iI Gi mKj mxgve×Zv AwZµg K‡i GKwU †ivgvw›UK Av`k©‡jv‡K G‡m DcbxZ nq|
j¶¨Yxq, mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayix GLvbKvi KwgDwb‡Kkb †m‡UjvB‡Ui hy‡M MwZgq D¾¡j Av‡jvgq bMi Rxe‡bi Awbevh© Ask, GLv‡b Ae¯’vb K‡i Ges eûwea RwUjZvi g‡a¨ bMi Rxe‡bi †PZbv-msNv‡Zi g‡a¨ gigx mvabvi RMr wb‡RB m„wó K‡i wb‡q‡Qb| gigx Dcjwäi m‡½ MÖvgxY wbm‡M©i †h m¤úK©, †h mijZv Zuvi iPbvq †m¸‡jv cyY©gvÎvq G‡m‡Q| Avevi bMi-Rxe‡bi Av‡eóbx‡Z RwUjZv¸‡jv wZwb †gv‡UB Dc‡¶v Ki‡Z cv‡ibwb| d‡j bMi Rxe‡bi c~e©vbye„Ë K¬vwš— †g‡L wb‡q wZwb MÖvgxY wbm‡M©i g‡a¨ nvwi‡q hvbwb, Ges MÖvgxY wbmM©‡K, GKZvivq euvav GLvbKvi gigxev‡`i myi‡K wZwb bMi Rxe‡bi Av‡eóbx‡Z Zz‡j wb‡q‡Qb|
evsjv gv‡qi Av‡iK L¨vwZgvb cyi“l AvRv` ingvb †kªô KÉ wkíx, †kªô myiKvi, †kªô cwiPvjK wn‡m‡e wZbwU RvZxq Pjw”PÎ cyi®‹vi jvf K‡i‡Qb| wZwb Rq nDK gvbeZvi bvgK M‡elYvagx© cÖe‡Ü mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayixi m¤^‡Ü wj‡L‡Qb, mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayixi mnR mij gigxqv fve Avcbv †_‡KB †cuŠ‡Q hvq cvVK - †kªvZvi g‡b| Avi whwb GB ai‡bi csw³gvjv wbg©vY Ki‡Z cv‡ib, wbtm‡›`‡n wZwb wø» g‡bi AwaKvix, eo gv‡ci Kwe| mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayix †mB gigx Kwe, whwb gvbeg‡bi †mB wPi mZ¨‡K Abyfe K‡i‡Qb e¨w³MZ Abyf~wZi gva¨‡g Ges GB AvZ¥-D‡b¥vP‡bi evYx Qwo‡q w`‡q‡Qb Zuvi m„wókxj †jLbxi gva¨‡g mnmª KweZvi K_vq|
Dcgnv‡`‡ki Ab¨Zg L¨vwZgvb †jvK m½xZ wkíx Agi cvj| mvwei msMxZ wb‡q ÔAvKvk Avgvi N‡ii QvDwbÕ bv‡g GKwU K¨v‡mU †ei K‡i‡Qb, hv me©Î cÖkswmZ n‡q‡Q| GQvov hy³ivóª, hy³ivR¨mn we‡k¦i wewfbœ †`‡k wZwb mvwei m½xZ cwi‡ekb K‡i wecyj cÖksmv AR©b K‡i‡Qb| Zuvi myiv‡ivwcZ mvwei msMxZ fvi‡Zi wewfbœ P¨v‡b‡j wbqwgZ cÖPvi n‡q Avm‡Q|
iex›`ªfviZx-wek¦we`¨vj‡qi evsjv wefv‡Mi Aa¨vcK, cÖv³b wefvMxq cÖavb W. Kvbbwenvix †Mv¯^vgxi fvlvq, gigx mvaK mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayixi Kve¨ m½x‡Zi ˆewPÎ wecyj, gigx Abyfe i‡q‡Q Zuvi i‡³ Ges mvabvq| †mB m‡½ Av‡Q Ck¦i ev Avj­vq Zuvi `„p wek¦vm I fw³, wbweo †`kcÖxwZ, cðvrc` `wi`ª gvbylR‡bi cÖwZ Aš—‡ii cÖxwZ I AbyivM, c„w_exi me©RvwZi cÖwZ †cÖg I GKZ¡‡eva, D`vi gvbeZv‡eva Ges wgwóK ev gigx Abyfe| D`vi gvbeZv I wek¦ åvZ…Z¡‡ev‡a wZwb PÛx`vm, jvjb, iex›`ªbv_, bRi“‡ji DËim~ix| gigx Abyf‡e Ges me©a‡g©i mgš^q †PZbvq wZwb wea¨vcwZ, ivgcÖmv`, jvjb, iex›`ªbv_, nvQb ivRvi Øviv AbycÖvwYZ Ges wbR mvabvjä Abyf‡e F×|
mvwei Avn‡g` †PŠayix mgKv‡ji evsjv gigx mvwn‡Z¨ GK D¾¡j b¶Î| ˆPZb¨ jvjb-iex›`ª nvQb ivRvi c‡iB huvi Ae¯’vb wbwðZ n‡q‡Q, Kvqg‡bvev‡K¨ Zuvi `xN©Rxeb Kvgbv Kwi| Kwe eZ©gv‡b Amy¯’| wPwKrmvi Rb¨ wm½vcy‡i wM‡qwQ‡jb Ges †mLvb †_‡K XvKvi wbR evmfe‡b wd‡i G‡m‡Qb ZvB H Kwei †ivM gyw³i Rb¨ Avcvgi evOvwj fvB‡evb‡`i wbKU †`vqv cÖv_©bv KiwQ|
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